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Tuesday, 18 February 2014 09:29

Diabetes Health Campaign Featured

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Diabetes Health Campaign

           Evidence shows that diabetes is one of the major diseases in the society that has reached epidemic proportions. Diabetes has become the 7th leading cause of death in United States. It is estimated that approximately 25.6 million people in US are affected by diabetes. This type of disease affects people in the society because of the body not using or not producing insulin in the best way. It has been discovered that, due to uncontrolled diabetes there are chances of complications development that can affect on almost every system of the human body. In the healthy people 2020 agenda, the issue of diabetes has become prevalent because it has become a national health objective. According to statistics produced by North Carolina division of public health 2010, more than 700, 000 adults were diagnosed with diabetes. The unexpected reality is that more than one-third of people livening in North Carolina have not participated in diagnosis and the screening test. Around 60 % of people in North Carolina have participated in a simple blood test that indicates whether someone has been affected by the disease. Diabetes is a disease that plays havoc on a human’s body and very costly in matters getting medications. This paper will focus on the topic of public health issues that relate to diabetes plus the impacts human errors of the population of North Carolina, (Liburd & Vinicor, 2010).

Diabetes and Health People 2020

            The healthy people 2020 national program has been running in the past few decades. The national program has been designed in scientifically approach and helps identify national goals and objectives for over 10 year period. According to centers for disease control and prevention, healthy people are necessary in the society simply because they work to improve health, disease prevention, and health promotion to every human in America. The national health improvement priorities under the benchmarks of healthy people give a clear insight on matters of health. It also works to establish education of risk factors, disability, and increases public awareness. Healthy people 2020 have the capacity to produce goals and objectives that affect the local communities, individual states, and the nation. It comes through the use of measurable data which gives credence on what the healthy people are trying to accomplish, (Meadows-Oliver & Allen, 2012). Evidence shows that healthy people have established activities that aim at keeping the society busy at all times. They push multiple sectors, agencies, and people to end standing idly by and work on an action that aids develop suitable policies based on priority health problems and improve practices by using knowledge and available evidence. Healthy people also identify vital needs that relates to data collection and on strategies that will help analyze the data.  As a result of the diabetes being prevalent in the society, the national health made an objective for healthy people 2020 program. It is true that healthy people 2020 aims at 16 objectives that assist reduce the prevalence of the disease and work on the economic burden, (Desai et al., 2011).

            Diabetes tops among the chronic disease that pose some challenges in the society if they are not controlled. In areas where the disease is not controlled in the right directions, it has been discovered that diabetes can cause severe complications. Individuals who suffer from diabetes are at a risk of stroke and heart attack. They also have a lower life expectancy by 16 years as compared to the non diabetic’s people. Diabetes leads to retinopathy, lower limb amputations, and kidney failure. The cost of treating diagnosed diabetes increase year after year. Something concerning the prevalence and cost of the disease need quick actions in order to deal and respond to the conditions in the appropriate way, (Fos & Fine, 2005).

Federal, state, and local agencies addressing diabetes

            The issue of diabetes is a burden to the people of America. Agencies from different levels are at work in developing strategies on how to address the issue of diabetes. Federal level is one of the active systems that have established several agencies to deal with the issue of diabetes. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), office of minority health resources center, national eye institute, American diabetes association (ADA), agency of health care research and quality (AHRQ), national diabetes education program (NDEP0, national diabetes information clearinghouse (NDIC), national institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney disease (NIDDK), and disease control and prevention’s public health resource the division of diabetes translation (DDT) are some of the federal agencies. State agencies in North Carolina are tasked with handling the diabetic health issues. These agencies include North Carolina public health, North Carolina diabetes advisory council, and department of human and health resources, North Carolina diabetes education recognition program, and North Carolina state diabetes control and treatment branch. Community or local agencies tasked with handling diabetes issues focuses on how to make developments, (Liburd & Vinicor, 2010).

Models, Systems, and Epidemiological surveillance system used in diabetes analysis

            Public surveillance was the suitable method for America to learn what impact diabetes. State surveillance systems and an infrastructure of nation supported by the DDT works to report, interpret, and analyze on certain factors of diabetes. These factors include mortality, morbidity, care practices, and diabetic risk factors. The DDT has developed an environment that helps perform national surveillance of diabetes that occurs in America. The aim is to get relevant information for understating the concept of diabetes plus allows report the findings.  Challenges on this aspect exist such as the concept of gathering data, (Desai et al., 2011). Evidences show that there are a good number of people suffering from diabetes, but they have not been diagnosed something that makes it difficult for physicians to report missing data. All data collected is developed from information gathered from surveys, physician offices, and hospital stays. It is the duty of DDT to rely on stakeholders with other firms to get data.  When the data is gathered and analyzed, the relevant authorities use it to determine the prevalence of diabetes and indicators that are associated with diabetes. Data is used to determine and evaluate the effectiveness population based treatment, measuring the progress towards meeting the objectives of the nation and the state, develop any research, policy making, and care, (Meadows-Oliver & Allen, 2012).

            Tools found in other areas of health care setting are also vital in addressing any issues that relate to diabetes. Health trends, disease trends, and risk assessment trends are part of the useful tools. Investigators use these tools in determining individuals who are at risk of being affected by the disease and strategies that can be applied to stop or decrease the level of the disease. The tools are vital simply because they help in the determination of how other diseases are affected by the disease. For instance, these tools examine how humans suffering from diabetes are at a higher risk for kidney disease and heart disease, (Desai et al., 2011).

Diabetes in Ethnic and Racial Communities

            A lot has been said based on improving minority health as well as ways of accessing to health care for minorities. It is with no doubt that this disease is creating a devastating effect on most minority populations such as Asian Americans, Hispanic, Alaskan Natives, American Indians, and African American. A recent report that was released by CDC indicated that minority groups have high chances of getting diabetes as compared to the whites, (Novick et al., 2008). Complications of diabetes trend diabetes tend to be excessive in the groups that are minority. In a place like North Carolina, people with high income and education are in a better place of enjoying quality health outcomes as compared to people who have low income and low education. Diabetes has been discovered to be the 7th leading cause of death in North Carolina. The region has a lot of things to do to accommodate the prevalence of diabetes in minorities. The state surveillance systems proves to be the best approach that ensures proper intervention has been implemented and monitored to improve diabetes health care environment that targets the minority population, (Fos & Fine, 2005).


            It is with no doubt that diabetes has become among the epidemics factors in US. United States has a lot to do in ensuring that its people are safe and free from diabetes for the disease is the 7th leading in causing death. The best way to handle this is by collecting data then analyzing the data on what is supposed to be done. State and national level surveillance systems data indicate that minorities are at risk of prevalence of diabetes and complications that it develops. African Americans in North Carolina are the minority group that has a high rate of diabetes. With the help of state diabetes councils plus the support from local agencies can work together in the eradication of the disease. Healthy people 2020 program aims at working hard to accomplish objectives.


Desai, J., Geiss, L., Mukhtar, Q., Harwell, T., Benjamin, S., & Bell, R. (2011). Public health surveillance of diabetes in the United States. Journal of Public Health Management & Practice, 9(2), S44-S51

Fos, P.J., & Fine, D.J. (2005). Managerial epidemiology for health care organizations, 2E. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Liburd, L. C., & Vinicor, F. (2010). Rethinking diabetes prevention and control in racial and ethnic communities. Journal of Public Health Management Practice, 9(Nov), S74-S79.

Meadows-Oliver, M., & Allen, P. (2012). Healthy People 2020: Implications for Pediatric Nurses. Pediatric Nursing, 38(2), 101-105.

Novick, L.F., Morrow, C.B., & Mays, G.P., (2008). Public health administration: Principles for population-based management (2nded.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Pub

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